Life Solutions: ADD/ADHD

There is help. Attention problems are really brain activities straying from the needed purpose.

Controlling attention deficit disorder (ADD)

Unfortunately, we have conveniently labeled attention problems, with words like ADD or ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity). Having that kind of label can cause us to limit our own potential by believing that a certain objective is beyond our reach. It may cause others to limit our opportunities because they may think that an ADD/ADHD person (be that person a child or adult) may not be able to do a task or fulfill a role.

An AD/H/D person may experience their mind wandering - drifting off to something making a noise outside, or thinking about dinner while involved in an important conversation. The brain simply doesn't have the neurons firing in networks with sufficient strength to maintain focus.

If we wish to build our biceps we exercise them so that the bicep muscles will fire. Over time more muscles are able to fire in the area making us stronger ... Simple.

It is that simple as well for ADD/ADHD people. If they wish to build stronger neuro-nets to maintain focus and thinking ability for longer periods of time, they simply need to exercise them.

Brain state conditioning™ does that, and in large-scale control groups, brain state conditioning has proven 80% - 90% effective in totally eradicating ADD. The "H" or hyperactivity side can usually be eliminated from the person by their taking 60 mg of zinc daily. With 60 mg of daily zinc, results can usually be noted within 10 days, while most hyperactivity will be eliminated in 6 weeks.

Studies concerning ADD/ADHD

Previous studies using similar techniques:

  • Kaiser and Othmer (2000) did a study, with 1,089 patients, which showed that neurofeedback training of sensori-motor and beta waves led to significant improvement in attentiveness and impulse control, and positive changes as measured on the test of variables of attention (TOVA). The patients had moderate pretraining deficits.
  • Monastra, et al (2002), worked with 100 children taking Ritalin as well as having concurrent parent counseling and academic support. Half also received EEG biofeedback. There were similar improvements on the TOVA and an ADD evaluation scale. Only those children who had EEG biofeedback were able to sustain their improvements without Ritalin.
  • Other studies using similar techniques showed increases in intelligence scores and academic performance if theta training was added and was successful. (Lubar et al 1995).
  • One small study of 16 children compared children trained with neurofeedback to those on a waiting list. they found increased intelligence scores and reduced inattentive behaviors as rated by parents (Linden et al 1996).
  • Two small studies have shown EEG biofeedback to be as effective as Ritalin on numerous measures (Rossiter & LaVaque 1995, Fuchs Birbaumer, et al, 2003).
  • Another study found that 16 of 24 patients taking medication were able to lower their doses or discontinue medication totally after successful training (Alhambra et al 1995).

Additional Studies Concerning ADD/ADHD

  Electroencephalographic biofeedback in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Monastra VJ, Lynn S, Linden M, Lubar JF, Gruzelier J, LaVaque TJ. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2005 Jun;30(2):95-114.
  ERPs correlates of EEG relative beta training in ADHD children.
Kropotov JD, Grin-Yatsenko VA, Ponomarev VA, Chutko LS, Yakovenko EA, Nikishena IS. Int J Psychophysiol. 2005 Jan;55(1):23-34.
  Electroencephalographic biofeedback (neurotherapy) as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: rationale and empirical foundation.
Monastra VJ. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005 Jan;14(1):55-82, vi. Review.
  The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback and Stimulant Drugs in Treating AD/HD: Part II. Replication. Rossiter, Thomas; Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, Vol 29(4), Dec 2004. pp. 233-243.
  Attention training with ADHD children: Preliminary findings in a double-blind placebo- controlled study. deBeus, Roger; Ball, J. D.; deBeus, Mary E.; Journal of Neurotherapy, Vol 8(2), 2004. pp. 145-147.
  The effectiveness of neurofeedback and stimulant drugs in treating AD/HD: part II. Replication.
Rossiter T. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2004 Dec;29(4):233-43.
  The effectiveness of neurofeedback and stimulant drugs in treating AD/HD: Part I. Review of methodological issues.
Rossiter T. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2004 Jun;29(2):95-112. Review.
  Treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with neurotherapy
Nash JK. Clin Electroencephalogr. 2000 Jan;31(1):30-7. Review.
The state of EEG biofeedback therapy (EEG operant conditioning) in 2000: an editor's opinion.

Duffy FH. Clin Electroencephalogr. 2000 Jan;31(1):V-VII.
Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: effectiveness in students with ADD.

Thompson L, Thompson M. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 1998 Dec;23(4):243-63.
Neocortical dynamics: implications for understanding the role of neurofeedback and related techniques for the enhancement of attention.

Lubar JF Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 1997 Jun;22(2):111-26.
Attention and neurofeedback
Dissertation in German with English abstract by Thomas Fuchs
A Comparison of EEG Biofeedback and Psychostimulants in Treating Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders.

Thomas P. Rossiter, and Theodore J. La Vaque.
Journal of Neurotherapy, 1, Summer 1995
A Controlled Study of the Effects of EEG Biofeedback on Cognition and Behavior of Children With Attention Deficit Disorders and Learning Disabilities

Linden, M., Habib, T., Radojevic, V. (1995). Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 21, 35-50.
Ongoing Program Evaluation of EEG Neurofeedback at New Visions School: 1997-98 * 1996-97
John Anderson
Efficacy of SMR-Beta Neurofeedback on Attentional Processes
David A. Kaiser & Siegfried Othmer November 1997
EEG Biofeedback Training for Attention Deficit Disorder, Specific Learning Disabilities, and Associated Conduct Problems
Siegfried Othmer, Susan F. Othmer, & Clifford S. Marks September 1991
EEG Biofeedback Training for Attention Deficit Disorder: A Review of Recent Controlled Studies and Clinical Findings
Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D., David Kaiser, Ph.D., and Susan F. Othmer, B.A. June, 1995
EEG Biofeedback for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D., and Susan F. Othmer, B.A. October, 1992
Evaluation and Remediation of Attentional Deficits
Susan F. Othmer and Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D.December, 1992
EEG Biofeedback Training for Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorder, Specific Learning Disabilities, and Other Disorders
Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D., and Susan F. Othmer March, 1989
Efficacy of Neurofeedback on Adults with Attentional Deficit and Related Disorders

David A. Kaiser December 1997
Neurotherapy and Drug Therapy in Combination for Adult ADHD, Personality Disorder, and Seizure.

Lisa M. Hansen, B.S., David L. Trudeau, M.D., & Dixie L. Grace, Ph.D.
Improved Neuronal Regulation in ADHD: An Application of 15 Sessions of Photic-Driven EEG Neurotherapy.

Graham J. Patrick, RN, Ph.D.
Patient-Directed Neurofeedback For AD/HD.

Thomas R. Rossiter, Ph.D.
EEG Biofeedback in the Schools: The Use of EEG Biofeedback to Treat ADHD in a School Setting.

William D. Boyd, Susan E. Campbell.
Visual-Motor Integration and its Relation to EEG Neurofeedback Brain Wave Patterns, Reading, Spelling, and Arithmetic Achievement in Attention Deficit Disorders and Learning Disabled Students
T. Nick Fenger, Ph.D.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neurological Basis and Treatment Alternatives.

Arreed Barabasz and Marianne Barabasz
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pharmacotherapy and beyond

Tan G, Schneider SC Postgrad Med 101 (5): 201-204 (May 1997)
A controlled study of the effects of EEG biofeedback on cognition and behavior of children with attention deficit disorder and learning disabilities.

Linden M, Habib T, Radojevic V Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 21 (1): 35-49 (Mar 1996)
Evaluation of the effectiveness of EEG neurofeedback training for ADHD in a clinical setting as measured by changes in T.O.V.A. scores, behavioral ratings, and WISC-R performance.

Lubar JF, Swartwood MO, Swartwood JN, O'Donnell PH Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 20 (1): 83-99 (Mar 1995)
EEG Biofeedback: A New Treatment Option for ADD/ADHD.

Marabella A. Alhambra, M.D., Timothy R. Fowler, and Antonio A. Alhambra, M.D.
Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders.

Lubar JF Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 16 (3): 201-225 (Sep 1991)
Electroencephalographic biofeedback of SMR and beta for treatment of attention deficit disorders in a clinical setting.

Lubar JO, Lubar JF Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 9 (1): 1-23 (Mar 1984)
EMG and EEG biofeedback training in the treatment of a 10-year-old hyperactive boy with a developmental reading disorder.

Tansey MA, Bruner RL Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 8 (1): 25-37 (Mar 1983)
Operant conditioning of EEG rhythms and ritalin in the treatment of hyperkinesis.

Shouse MN, Lubar JF Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 4 (4): 299-312 (Dec 1979)
EEG and behavioral changes in a hyperkinetic child concurrent with training of the sensorimotor rhythm (SMR): a preliminary report.

Lubar JF, Shouse MN Biofeedback & Self-Regulation 1 (3): 293-306 (Sep 1976)
Efficacy of EEG biofeedback for attentional processes.
Kaiser, D.A., & Othmer, S. (1997), Presented at American Psychiatric Electrophysiological Association, San Diego, 1997.


Kathy R., editor
Phoenix, AZ

Hi! Just want to thank you so much for what you are doing and for what you have done for me!

After I left on Friday, I decided to remain "med free" until I felt that I noticed (or someone else lovingly told me) that I needed to return to the Adderall. I felt so balanced, focused, calm and present that I didn't want to mess it up! I am happy to report that I am on day 11 and haven't resorted to taking the Adderall. Jim says that he loves the focus, the balance and the "lack of crisis and cramming too much into one day" that he experienced since my return. The funny thing is that I still am "me"!!! Only better!

To schedule an appointment for yourself or a loved one who needs help overcoming ADD/ADHD, please contact us.

  Life after stress is easy ...  
webstuff by gypsybytes   © brain balance studio